There is no greater evil than war. In light of the current state of mankind, some people say it is a necessary evil. However, it should be limited to extremely unavoidable cases as much as possible. Waging war for selfish ends and trivial objects, such as to satisfy the greed for plunder, the ambition of a conqueror, the lust of more territory, or personal animosity, is wrong.
There are dire consequences to war. Not all of them involve bloodshed. evil. There are hundreds of orphans and widows, trade is stopped, industries are paralyzed, diseases break out, famine occurs, degradation and misery prevail everywhere, and people become more brutish and revengeful. Of course, war brings out the heroism and the patriotism of a nation, also, but the cost is very heavy. There are numerous other ways in which a nation can develop and display these qualities, which are better and more useful. The achievements of war are short-lived, and the glory and honor of conquerors soon pass away. The empire of Alexander is gone, the conquests of Timur are no more, and Nadir Shah has only left behind him a name to be execrated.
In times of peace, man can do a great deal of good, and the victories of peace are better, more beneficial, and more lasting. Peace has its victories no less renowned than war. Trade prospers, and people are happy. Scientists, doctors, educators, and inventors may continue their noble work for the benefit of mankind.
Various methods of removing disease and sickness are discovered, new roads and bridges are built, and other public works of utility are constructed. Education is encouraged. Peace is necessary for religious and social reforms. Rather than a great general who kills people for very temporary gain, or for glory that is more imaginary than real, a successful administrator increases human happiness and eases progress.