Indian Heritage Essay

Long and Short Essay on Indian Heritage in English for Children and Students

India boasts off a rich heritage that bespeaks of its glorious past. Our ancestors have preserved our cultural and monumental heritage since centuries and we must maintain the tradition. Our heritage connects us to our roots and tells us where we really belong.

They are the reminiscence of our glorious past and rich culture. Our heritage is a hereditary possession that we have got from our fore fathers and it is our duty to keep it intact. Not only this, we must also handover the heritage to our future generation, when the time comes, as we had received it from our ancestors. Indian heritage is the identity of India and her people, without which there would be no history at all.

Long and Short Essay on Indian Heritage in English

Here we have provided short and long essay on Indian Heritage of varying lengths to help you with the topic in your exam.

After reading these short and long Indian heritage essay you will know what is Indian heritage and how significant is it to the country and its pupil.

You can select any Indian Heritage Essay as per your need and interest and use it during essay, speech giving or debate competition in your school or college.

Short Essay on Indian Heritage – Essay 1 (200 words)

Indian heritage dates back several centuries. It is vast and vibrant. We have valued our culture and tradition ever since the beginning and have preserved it beautifully for our future generations. Our cultural heritage is of utmost importance to us. No matter how much we have progressed and how far we plan to reach, we can never forget our culture and traditions as they are embedded in us and are an inseparable part of ours.

India is a land of varied cultures and traditions. People from numerous castes, religions and creeds reside in our country. Each of these castes and religions has its own customs and traditions. The culture followed by every religious group has deep underlying roots and is followed with unwavering faith.

Each religion has its own set of festivals, dance forms, music and various other art forms and each of these has its own charm. The beauty of our culture is that we not only have respect for our heritage but also show respect for that of other religions too. This is the reason why the vivid Indian heritage has survived since centuries.

Besides, we also have a magnificent monumental heritage. Most of the beautiful edifices built by the past rulers still stand tall and exhibit our royal past. We take pride in our heritage.

Essay on Indian Heritage and Culture – Essay 2 (300 words)


India is a culturally rich country. People from different religions, castes and ethnic groups reside in our country adding to its vibrancy and diversity. Each ethnic group in our country has its own tale of origin and its set of unique traditions and culture.

Indian Customs and Traditions

Indian customs and traditions encourage us to stay humble, respect others and live harmoniously in the society. We value our customs and traditions immensely. These are embedded in our lifestyle and many of the decisions we take are based on our cultural and traditional values. These are passed on from generation to generation.

The Indian festivals are a reflection of the country’s culture and tradition. There is a set traditional pattern in which these are celebrated. This pattern is being followed since the ancient times. These celebrations offer a great way to meet and greet our loved ones and bring in positive energy. These are a part of our rich heritage.

Indian Art Forms: A Part of Its Heritage

The various art forms such as different kinds of classical dances, music and paintings are also a part of our heritage. Bharatanatyam, Kathak, Kuchipudi and Odissi are some of the famous Indian dance forms. Carnatic music, Thumri, Rabindra Sangeet, Odissi and folk music are India’s contribution in the field of music. The Madhubani painting, Mughal painting, Tanjore painting, Mysore painting and Pahari Painting are some of the beautiful forms of paintings originated in India.

Indian Monuments

Indian monuments add to the galore of its heritage. Each of our monuments is known for its marvellous architectural design. Taj Mahal, Qutub Minar, Red Fort, Ajanta and Ellora Caves, Sun Konark temple, Khajuraho Group of Monuments, Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi, Brihadishwara Temple, Hawa Mahal and Mysore Palace are some of the heritage monuments of our country.


Our culture, tradition, monuments, literature and various art forms form a part of our heritage. These have been appreciated worldwide. We are proud to be a part of a country with such a vivacious culture.

Essay on Preserving Indian Heritage – Essay 3 (400 words)


Indian Heritage is known for its vastness. It includes our cultural heritage, our monumental heritage, our literature and various other works of art. Our heritage dates back several centuries. With time both our tangible and intangible heritages are fading away. We need to take it as our responsibility to preserve our rich heritage and pass it on to our future generations.

Preserving Our Customs

Indians value their customs and traditions immensely. Since childhood we have been taught to act in a certain manner and refrain from indulging in certain practices so as to remain true to our culture. Indian customs and traditions are beautiful. They encourage us to stay humble and respect others. We must preserve them and instill the same in our future generations as they contribute in building a better society.

Preserving Our Literature

Indian literature is as rich as its culture. We have numerous books written since the ancient times. We have the Vedic literature, epic Sanskrit literature, Classic Sanskrit literature and Pali literature among other kinds of Indian literature. These have been written by some of the most learned men those have ever existed on Earth. Our books shed pearls of wisdom and were not only true to their times but also have the power to create a positive impact even today. Such a wonderful and rich literature must be preserved at any cost.

Many of our books are being translated to other languages to provide access to greater number of readers so that more and people can benefit from the knowledge shared through them. Many of these are also being uploaded on the internet. This is a good way of preserving our literature.

Preserving Our Heritage Sites

India encompasses numerous heritage sites – both natural and man-made. Some of the most beautiful heritage sites belong to our country. Their beauty has been appreciated worldwide. However, many of these are deteriorating with time. Natural calamities as well as human negligence are contributing to the deterioration of these beautiful heritage sites.

Many of these are losing their chance and may diminish in the times to come if we do not make an effort to preserve them. These are a reflection of our historical and cultural past and we should not lose them. Besides, these sites also contribute in the country’s economy as they attract tourists from around the world. The government must take stringent steps to preserve these heritage sites. We must also contribute whatever little we can in this direction.


We are blessed with a beautiful heritage. We must all take it as our responsibility to preserve the same so that our future generations also get to see and experience the same.

Essay on Natural Heritage of India – Essay 4 (500 words)


India is known to have a rich natural heritage. This is because of the country’s vast geographical area. The climatic conditions of different parts of the country differ because of the huge geographical expanse. While the northern regions experience extremely cold climate, the southern tip sees high temperature. Due to the huge disparity of the climatic conditions and landforms, India has a rich biodiversity. It also encompasses different kinds of breathtaking geological structures.

Richness of Flora and Fauna

India is known to be a mega diversified nation. We have rich and diverse variety of plants growing in different parts of the country. We take pride in the fact that two of the world’s biodiversity hotspots are present in our country- Western Ghats and Eastern Himalayas. These have been termed so because of their exceptionally high level of richness of species. There are more than 45,500 species of plants in India and many of these are found particularly in our country. We have some of the most beautiful flowering plants that are rarely found anywhere else. Indians also cultivate numerous kinds of crops and export them to the rest of the world.

India also has thousands of species of fauna that reside in different regions of the country. From the Bengal Tiger to the Yak in Himalayas – the richness of biodiversity in animals in India remains unmatched. We also have approximately 1,200 species of beautiful and colourful birds that add to the biodiversity of our country. These are a delight to watch. Many of these species of plants and animals are found only in India.

Beautiful Geological Structures

India is also home for numerous beautiful geological structures found in different parts of the country. Some of the most splendid geological structures that form a part of our country include Lonar Crater Lake, Siachen Glacier, Jammu and Kashmir, Maharashtra, Pillar Rocks, Kodaikanal, Tamil Nadu, Barren Island, Andamans, Magnetic Hill, Leh, Columnar Basaltic Lava, Udupi Karnataka and Toad Rock, Mount Abu, Rajasthan.

All these sites are true wonders of the nature. Numerous tourists from around the world especially visit these places just to catch a glimpse of these marvellous creations of God.

UNESCO World Natural Heritage Sites in India

It is a matter of great honour for every Indian that some of our beautiful geological places have been enlisted in UNESCO World Natural Heritage Sites. These sites include:

  • Kaziranga National Park: Home for the rare one-horned rhinoceros, this was declared World Heritage Site in 1985.
  • Keoladeo National Park: Home for numerous species of beautiful birds, this was also declared World Heritage Site in 1985.
  • Manas Wildlife Sanctuary: This beautiful wildlife sanctuary was also declared World Heritage Site in 1985.
  • Sundarbans National Park: It came to be known as the World Heritage Site in the year 1987.
  • Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Park: This beautiful and serene natural surrounding was enlisted as the World Heritage Site in 2004.
  • Western Ghats: One of the most beautiful places in our country this was declared World Heritage Site in 2012.
  • Great Himalayan National Park: This beautiful place was declared UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year 2014.


The magnificence of India’s natural heritage invokes a feeling of pride in every Indian. India is a land of diversity which adds to its beauty and richness.

Long Essay on Indian Heritage and the New Generation – Essay 5 (600 words)


Indian Heritage is known to be one of the richest worldwide. Our ancestors have bestowed a beautiful cultural and traditional heritage on us. We are also lucky to have a splendid natural heritage that encompasses rich biodiversity and spectacular geological structures.

Besides, our stunning monumental heritage attracts people from different parts of the world. Indian heritage has been preserved since centuries and is being passed on from one generation to another. But does the new technology driven generation value the Indian heritage as much as the earlier ones? Will it b able to preserve it and pass on further or will our heritage fade away soon? These are a few questions that haunt the older generations as they want our heritage to remain intact.

Indian Heritage: A Gift from the Older Generations to the Younger Generation

Indian heritage is vast and vivid. It is vast because of the large number of religious groups residing in our country. Each religious group has its own set of customs and traditions which it passes on to its younger generation. However, some of our customs and traditions remain the same throughout India. For instance, our tradition includes respecting our elders, helping the needy, speaking the truth and welcoming guests and treating them nicely. Our traditions teach us to inculcate good habits and make us a good human being.

Our cultural heritage is thus a precious gift from our older generation to help us become a better human being and build a harmonious society.

Value of Indian Heritage for New Generation

Our cultural heritage has remained intact since centuries however its charm seems to be declining in the current times. It seems like the new generation does not seem to value our cultural heritage as much.

Our society has seen tremendous changes in the last few decades. The colonization of our country by the British brought western culture to our country. The age old traditions began to change. Today, Indian attire is highly influenced by the Western culture. Our ancient education system of gurukul was replaced by new kind of schools and many other changes were brought about in that era. Since then, there has been no looking back.

Our society has seen numerous changes. For instance, our joint family system faded away giving way to the new nuclear family system. The growth in technology and the advent of internet and smart phones have further distanced us from our cultural heritage. The western culture allures the youths of the country and most of them look down upon our culture and traditions.

The young generation is so engrossed in its own world and has become so self centric that it does not pay much heed to the cultural values given by the elders.

Invoking Love and Respect for Indian Heritage

It is the duty of the elders to invoke love for the Indian heritage in the younger generations. This must be done from the very beginning only then we can preserve our rich heritage.

One way of invoking love for our heritage is by acquainting the young generation with our glorious past. This would help in invoking a feeling of pride in them and they would be inspired to continue the tradition and also pass it on to the new generation. This needs a collective effort by the teachers as well as parents.

Schools must teach students about the Indian heritage and how it has survived for centuries. They must also share the importance of preserving it.


Young generation must not only preserve the cultural heritage of India but should also be progressive towards preserving the monumental and natural heritage of our country.


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