Environmental pollution is a condition when pollutants contaminate the environment, i.e., our surrounding and lead to changes which adversely affect our normal life. Pollutants are elements that cause pollution and are waste materials present in different forms. Pollution causes a disturbance in our ecosystem and environmental balance. This is caused by modernization and the development of cities and has led to global warming, new illnesses, etc.
Types of environmental pollution
Air pollution: It is caused by particulate matters and carbon which is emitted in the air by factories, vehicles, and domestic activities. These pollutants deplete the ozone layer of our environment which filters out the harmful UV rays of the sun. This poses risks of numerous hazardous diseases.
Water pollution: This is caused by the disposal of factory wastes, sewage water, and fertilizers into the water. It creates the death of marine life and causes an imbalance in the marine ecosystem.
Land or soil pollution: Excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides as well as excessive deforestation leads to soil pollution. Fertile soil gets washed away with rain or is converted to infertile soil.
Radioactive pollution: This is the release of dangerous radioactive wastes in the air or water. It can lead to genetic mutations and is harmful to humans.
Noise pollution: This pollution is caused by honking, loudspeakers, and noise which are caused by vehicles. It can lead to issues such as increased blood pressure, headache, stress, anxiety, etc.
We must try to avoid pollution to ensure that we maintain the ecological balance and preserve our mother earth.
- Air pollution can be prevented by reducing the presence of pollutants like dust, smoke and high density of gases like carbon dioxide, which are harmful for inhalation.
- No fires in the open, better quality fuel, low emissions, public transport, etc. are the ways to deal with air pollution.
- Water pollution can be avoided if people are not allowed to bath near the water source, factories stop pouring out their wastes and harmful chemicals in sources of drinking water, etc.
- Water pollution can be stopped if these factories are controlled by law into taking responsibility and people restricted from dirtying the water.
- Land pollution can be controlled by stopping the seepage of chemicals and waste from the factories and by forbidding people littering the place with non-degradable waste.
- These steps involve planting more trees, protesting against pollution and cutting down carbon emissions from vehicles, disposing trash in the proper place and cutting down the use of plastic.
- Encouraging the use of public transport and making laws against loud sounds or setting a limit to it are ways of improving the quality of the environment.