Gopabandhu Das popularly known as “Utkalmani” or “Gem of Odisha” was born on 9th October, 1977, in a noble Brahmin family in a village called Suando situated on the banks of river Bhargabhi in the district of Puri, Odisha. His father’s name was Shree Daitari Dash and his mother’s name was Swarnamayee Devi.
He passed his B.A from Revenshaw College in 1904 and later passed B.L. from Calcutta University in 1906.
After coming back from Kolkata, he worked as a Government lawyer in Mayurbhanj court. Law did not interest him, so he gave up his practice and worked for the welfare of the people. He considered education to be the potential instrument of national development. Gopabandhu, therefore, desired to impart a kind of education with broader aims to build “good life” and bring about national revival. In his mission to work for a better society and welfare of the common masses he established a school, “Satyavadi Vana Vidyalaya” in the year 1909, at Sakhigopal, a place of pilgrimage near Puri, which turned into a high school in 1910. The school then got affiliated to the Calcutta University and for the first time matriculation exam was held in the year of 1914. The school got affiliated to another leading University of the country, Patna University in the year 1917. Due to huge success of the school it was converted to a National school in the year 1921. Pandit Gopabandhu Das got huge recognition and appreciation for his efforts to improve education standards of the State of Odisha.
Gopabandhu was member of Vidhan Sabha (State Assembly) of Bihar and Odisha from 1917 to 1921. As an administrator he took initiative steps for the upliftment of the people of Odisha suffering from constant natural calamities like flood, cyclone and famine as well as social evils like illiteracy, poverty and disease.
He also contributed immensely in the National struggle towards achieving freedom. In the realm of Journalism, Pandit Gopabandhu Das started the weekly newspaper “Samaj” October 04, 1919, which is today a leading daily newspaper in Odisha. Initially it was published from Sakhigopal, but later it moved to Puri and finally to Cuttack, from where it is still being published today. Before “Samaj” he had also published another monthly magazine named “Satyabadi” in the year 1914.
Pandit Gopabandhu Das was truly a versatile personality. He was an eminent writer and poet. Some of his poems like “Ma Ra Kabita “, “Dharmapada”, “Bandi Ra Atma Katha”, “Kara Kabita”, “Dharmapada”, are testimony of his evident skills of a great poet. He died on June 17, 1928.
10 things to know about Utkalmani Gopabandhu Das
Odisha paid a rich tribute to social reformer and freedom fighter Utkalmani Pandit Gopabandhu Das on his 89th death anniversary today.
Here are 10 things to know about Pandit Gopabandhu Das
1. Gandhi of Odisha
Utkalmani Gopabandhu is described as the Gandhi of Odisha for his immense contribution towards Odisha in field of social reform, journalism and literature.
2. A social reformer
His efforts to bring change in orthodox society, his role to expedite social movements, selfless service and educational reform earned him the title ‘Utkalmani’ (Gem of Odisha). Earlier, Odisha was known as Utkal.
He had started a voluntary organisation – Puri Seva Samiti – to help the cholera victims. Later, the movement led to setting up of a separate hospital for cholera patients in the district.
Born on October 9, 1877, to Swarnamayee Devi and Daitari Das in Suando village near Puri, he played a major part in making of Odisha as the first official linguistic state in India in 1936. His contribution for Odisha in creating the separate province will always be remembered to generations.
3. Alumnus of Ravenshaw College, Cuttack
Gopabandhu attended Ravenshaw College, Cuttack, an educational premier of Odisha. During his study, he encouraged his friends to serve people and address social, economic and political problems. His passion for social service had posed as obstruction for which he failed in his B.A degree. He cleared the examination in his second attempt. Later, he earned LLB from Calcutta University.
4. Left profession as lawyer and dedicated life into social work
After completing graduation in law from Calcutta University, he practiced in Puri before moving to High Court in Cuttack. Later, he was appointed as the government lawyer in Mayurbhanj court. As he was not willing to continue the profession as the lawyer, he quit it and switched to social work.
5. A man who ignored his ailing son and moved to extend help to people in flood affected areas
As Gopabandhu was committed to serve poor and destitute, he rushed the flood-affected areas without making delay to provide relief, ignoring his ailing son.
“There are so many to look after my son. But, there are so many people affected in devastated floods. It is my duty to go there rather than attending my son here. Lord Jagannath will take care of my son,” he had said.
6. A freedom fighter
During his stay in Kolkata (Calcutta), he came in contact with Vande Mataram group that infused Swadeshi spirit in him. He was the first president of Congress party in Odisha. He had brought Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi to Odisha in 1921 to inspire people to join non-cooperation movement. He was jailed many times for the cause of freedom struggle. Veteran leader Subhash Chandra Bose called him the father of national movement in Odisha.
7. Educational reformer
Gopabandhu believed that education can improve and bring change in society. After completion of primary education, he joined Puri Zilla School in 1893 where he met his teacher Mukhtiar Ramchandra Das. He was greatly inspired by the nationalistic values of his teacher.
He founded a school named as Satyabadi Bana Bidyalaya, at Sakshi Gopal in 1909. He took a vow to reform society through improving educational system in Odisha. He infused patriotism among students through education and taught them the values of human life and service to mankind.
8. A man who was living for others
Gopabandhu had lost his parents in his childhood days. He married Apti at the age of 12. She also left the world when he was only 28. After death of his wife and three sons, he left his daughters with his elder brother and gave his share of inheritance. He left his home and dedicated his life to service of mankind.
9. Eminent writer and poet
He was an eminent writer and poet. His works including Kara Kabita, Chilika, Dharmapada and Bandi Ra Atma Katha are testimony of his literary skills.
10. Contribution to journalism
Gopabandhu was the pioneer of press freedom in Odisha. He was the national vice president of Lok Sevak Mandal. He had played a significant role in Odia journalism. He published a monthly magazine ‘Satyabadi’ in 1914. Later, he started weekly newspaper ‘The Samaj’, in 1919 which was once a leading Daily in Odisha. He served as the Editor of ‘Samaj’ till his last breath.