English grammar concept tenses is a very important topic that is studied from junior classes to senior classes. It helps to give a basic understanding to students about how to phrase a sentence referring to a certain time in that sentence. IMP is the platform for you to provide you with all the important questions that can appear in exams from this chapter. The revision notes from this chapter are so well organized that it helps students to get a clear understanding of all the topics, also examples are included in each topic that helps students to relate it to the particular situation and understand it in a better way.

IMP is the #1 online learning portal that helps you to get the best study material for English grammar concept Tenses. You can get expert teacher guidance to clear all your doubts about tenses and get a better result. This chapter is very important for your syllabus as well as for your spoken English because with this you will be able to phrase the correct sentences. So to get a complete understanding of this topic, you can study revision notes for Tenses – Introduction, Types of Tenses with Explanation, and Examples prepared by IMP.

Introduction

Tense is an English grammar concept. It represents the form taken by the verb to comprehend the situation referred to in time. For example, in the sentence, Yash walked for 2 hours and then he went to sleep, the past tense verb form, walk(+ed) signals the time of the walk in the past. Tense is used to assign a time factor to the sentence. Tenses just like time are divided into 3 parts-

  • Past tense – I swam

  • Present Tense – I swim

  • Future Tense – I will swim

Before we start with the More complicated divisions there are three rules we should keep in mind-

  • Only indicative forms of verbs are tensed.

  • All the tenses have progressive and non-progressive forms for eg, I work here/I am working here, are both Present tense. 

When a verb form is a very important complex, which involves more than one auxiliary, it is the first auxiliary that is marked for tense, not the main verb.

 

Types of Tenses 

  • Present Tense

  • Simple Present Tense:: It is used to express daily tasks, facts, and universal truths. The present tense is used to express what is happening or happens daily or is a fact in itself. Adding the letter s or es makes a simple present tense.

Like- Likes

You, We, They: Like to play outside.

He, She, It: likes to play outside

for example-

  • She writes a book.

  • Moon comes out at night.

  • New Delhi is the capital city of India.

  • Present Perfect Tense: The present perfect tense is used to describe actions that are completed.

I, You, We, They: have killed time.

He, She, It: has killed time.

for example-

  • I have seen the movie you love the most.

  • He has been to India 

  • Present Perfect Continuous Tense: We use the present perfect continuous when the focus is on an action that is not yet finished or completed.

I, You, We, They: have been playing for a day.

He, She, It: has been playing for a day.

for example-

  • I have been waiting for the car for an hour.

  • It has not been raining since last Friday.

  • Past Tense

  • Simple Past Tense: Used to indicate an action that happened in the past. It often comes with an adverb of time. Sometimes it can be used without an adverb of time. Used for past habits. 

for example-

  • I went to school.

  • You worked very hard in exams.

  • She did not

  • Past Continuous Tense: The past continuous tense is a very important tense in English. We use it to express what we were in the middle of doing at a particular moment in the past. 

I, she, he, it- was playing in the garden.

They, We – were playing in the garden

for example-

  • I was cooking last night for my sister’s children.

  • They were not playing scrabble when I checked on them.

  • Past Perfect Tense: The past perfect tense is easy to understand and to use in a sentence. This tense talks about an event which happened in the past. If two actions happened in the past, the past perfect tense is used to display the action that took place earlier.

I, he, she, it, we, they  – had arrived at the station

for example-

  • We were too late when the movie started. 

  • I thought I had seen the movie before but I was wrong.

  • Past Perfect Continuous Tense: Used to denote an event that started before a certain point in the past and continued up to some time in the past.

I, he, she, we, it, you, they – had been sleeping on the couch when I arrived.

for example-

  • Sita was very tired. She had been dancing.

  • Had the student been roaming outside the classroom?

  • Future Tense

  • Simple Future Tense: The period of time after speaking a sentence is considered future tense.

This tense is used to express future events and happenings.

Rule – Will/Shall + Verb (Ist form)

I, He, she, it, we, you, they – will/shall play the piano tomorrow.

for example-

  • Sita will ask the questions tomorrow.

  • They will never speak about this.

  • Future Continuous Tense: It is used to express an action that is going or continuing in the future. e.g. He will be distributing promotion letters in the office tomorrow at 12 o’clock. In the example, the action will commence in the future (tomorrow) and action is assumed to be continued till sometime in the future.

I, he, she, you, it, they, we- will be arriving at the airport tomorrow.  

for example-

  • I will be playing football on the ground tomorrow.

  • She will be writing a letter.

  • Future Perfect Tense: It is used to express an action that will happen/occur in future and will be completed by a certain time in future. We use the future perfect to say that something will be finished by a particular time in the future.

I, he, we, she, they, it – will have dinner at 10 pm

for example-

  • She will have forgotten him by then. 

  • She will not have written a letter.

  • Future Perfect Continuous Tense: It is used to talk about actions that will start at a fixed point of time in the future and will go on for some time in the future. 

The future perfect continuous focus on the duration of an activity that will be in progress before another time or event in the future. 

Example:

  • Tomorrow at 4 pm, I will be on my way to Kolkata. 

  • It is also used to talk about planned actions or actions expected to happen.

  •  Relatives will be staying at Aunt Mina’s house.

     

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. How Do We Form the Future Perfect Tense? 

Tenses is a very important chapter that covers everything to help you understand the tenses completely. The tense formed with ‘will’ and ‘have’ and past participle of the verb is known as future perfect tense. Therefore the formula for making correct future perfect tense is –

 

Will have+ past participle 

 

A complete 5k sentence will be formed like:

 

subject + auxiliary verb (WILL) + auxiliary verb (HAVE) + main verb

The subject can be anything singular or plural; it does not bother the future perfect tense, and the formula remains the same.

 

You can get a complete understanding of this topic by going through the examples.

2. What is the Example of the Past Perfect Continuous Negative Sentence?

One of the important topics of English grammar is tenses, it is the most important chapter that has a high weightage in exams. Students can study every detail of this chapter with the help of the notes provided by the expert team of IMP. It has a clear description of all the chapters that provide a better understanding to the students and help them to learn easily. The study material provided covers all the important topics like, what is tenses, types of tenses with explanations and examples.

  

Past perfect continuous Negative sentence is explained in detail with an example so that you can understand it in a better way. Past perfect continuous Negative sentence has a formula that is :

 

Subject + had not been + 1st form of verb that includes ‘ing’ + since/for + time

 

Examples for Past perfect continuous Negative sentences are : 

  • He had not been living in India since 2012.

  • She had not been driving her car for two years.

  •  I could tell from the report card that Henry had not been studying.  

3. When Do We Use Present Perfect Tense?

The action or state that has occurred in an indefinite time in the past, or it has begun in the past and is continued to the present time is known as present perfect tense. The formula for the present perfect tense has/has + the past participle.

 

Examples for present perfect tense are : 

  • We have talked before

  • she has grown impatient over the last few minutes

 This tense is formed by We use this tense for three reasons-

           1.  Any Experience

           2.  A change 

           3.  For a continuing situation 

The study material provided by IMP helps you to get a complete understanding of tenses with the help of examples. you can also avail personal guidance from expert subject specialists. IMP provides a one-to-one online class that helps to clear all your doubts.

4. How can I score full marks in tenses?

Tenses is one of the important chapters that are very interesting but a bit tricky, you should complete the entire study of this chapter from your coursebook, and then you can download the free PDF study material from IMP that provides a detailed description of all the topics with examples that helps you to get a better understanding of the topics. You can get full marks in this chapter by understanding all the types of tenses and relating them to your life to gain a better understanding.

5. Why should I trust study material provided by IMP?

Students can download the study material from any website but they should prefer a trusted source so that they can rely on the solutions provided by them. IMP is the best online learning portal that provides 100% accurate study material like revision notes, important questions, sample papers, etc. you can download them free of cost and get its benefits. IMP guarantees the accuracy of the study material and ensures that if students follow the recommended study pattern they can score full marks in the examination. All you need to do is get connected with the expert team which will help you to clear all your queries.

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