Essay on Hinduism

Long and Short Essay on Hinduism in English for Children and Students

No one knows the exact details of when and how the Hindu religion emerged. It is believed that following the Vedas, the Aryans gave Hindu religion its identity. It is evident from the ancient writings and facts of Hinduism that Hinduism was highly developed and prosperous. Indus Valley Civilization and many other ancient studies have shown that the rise of Hinduism is very ancient.

It is believed that Sanskrit was the main language of the ancient Hindu religion. In ancient Hindu society, there was a split between the king and the subjects, where the king governed the subjects. According to the Vedas, the main Gods of Sanatana Dharma are Indra, Varuna, Agni and Vayu Dev. It is also believed that Buddhism and Jainism is also a part of Sanatan Hinduism.

Long and Short Essay on Hinduism in English

We have bestowed below Essay on Hinduism for the perusal of our avid readers that will provide them the knowledge of this religion at the same spot. These essays are created in different word Limits and describe different aspects of this religion in simple Words.

Going through these Hinduism essays you will find out why it is called the ancient religion, how Vedas related to Hinduism, what are the established rules, how and where do the followers worship and about the belief and tradition of this religion.

Following Hinduism Essay will also help the students to know about this religion in detail and they may use any essay as per their needs and standard.

Hinduism Essay – 1 (100 Words)

Hinduism or Sanatana Dharma is the main religion of India. Hinduism is considered more than 4000 years old. It is believed that Hinduism has developed following the Vedas of the ancient Arya Samaj. It is not created by an individual or by a particular person but time has established and spread this religion.

Vedas have been considered as the first written book of the world. The existence of Vedas is recognized all over the world. The Rigveda has been considered the oldest among the four Vedas. Many experts believe that the Hindu religion has established its rules and norms, only by following the rules and sayings, written in the Vedas.

Hinduism Essay – 2 (150 Words)

The history of Hinduism is very ancient. This religion is considered before the pre-Vedic period because the Vedic period and the period of creation of Vedas are considered different. The oral tradition continued here for centuries, through which its history and texts continue to move forward.

The word Hindu was not in vogue a thousand years ago. Sapta Sindhu is mentioned many times in Rigveda. According to linguists, the “S” sound of Sanskrit is converted to the “H” sound of Iranian languages. The people living west of Hindustan pronounced the River Sindhu as Hindu due to this pronunciation difference.

On the other hand other historians believe that the word Hindu originated from Indu during the time of the Chinese traveler Huanseang. According to another view, the the first letter of the Himalayas, “Hi” and the last letter of Indu, “Ndu”, combined these two letters to form the word “Hindu” and this land was called Hindustan.

Hinduism Essay – 3 (200 Words)

Hinduism is also known as Sanatan Dharma. It is called the oldest religion in the world. This religion originated even before the origin of humans, it is believed that it is also called Vedic Sanatana Varnashrama Dharma.

Who is the founder of this religion is still controversial because scholars consider it to be a mixture of India’s cultures and traditions. There are many followers of this religion and on this basis it is considered the third major religion in the world.

Its followers are in India and Nepal and also in Mauritius. It is based on the Vedas and hence it is also called Vedic religion. In Indonesia, it is also called Hindu Agam. Hindu is not only a religion but also tells to live life on the pattern of humanity and unity.

The evidence of Hinduism is found in the Indus Valley Civilization from where many idols of gods and goddesses have been obtained. According to ancient sages, Bharatvarsha was named Hindusthan, which was later called Hindustan. The origin of the word Hindu is believed to be from the Words Indus and Himalaya. The first two letters of the word the Himalayas and the last three letters of Indu when combined together formed the word Hindu.

Hinduism Essay – 4 (250 Words)

The history of Hinduism is very ancient. Vedas are the most sacred texts of Hinduism. Hinduism has its origin in the concept of pre-Aryans who were lived in 6500 BC. It is assumed from that it was composed gradually and finally the first Veda was compiled into three parts – Rigveda, Yajurveda, and Samaveda.

It is also believed that Vedas were divided during the time of Pururava Rajarshi before the birth of Rama. The Atharvaveda was later compiled by the sage Atharva. At the same time, according to another belief, during the time of Krishna, Ved Vyas had written the Vedas. It is also believed that in Dwapara Yuga, sage Vyasa had divided the Vedas into four parts.

Although, according to historians, the beginning of Hinduism is said to be parallel/post to Indus Valley Civilization (5000 Years ago), whereas the documents written in the texts talk much further than this. For example Sri Ram’s 6000 years old mural found in Iraq in 2019, as well as the Shiva statue named Kalpa Vigraha, whose carbon dating was estimated to be 28,450 (in 2019) years. This evidence makes Hinduism far more ancient.

Some Hindutva advocates would believe that Hinduism was revealed to the sages in its entirety by the end of the Ice Age 12,000 years ago. In recent times, Hinduism has been described as an open-source religion, unique in that it has no defined founder or doctrine, and its ideas constantly evolve in response to historical and geographical realities. It is best described as a river with many tributaries and branches such as Jainism and Buddhism etc.

Hinduism Essay – 5 (300 Words)


Hinduism is the oldest religion in the world. It has millions of followers in the world, especially in India, Mauritius, and Nepal. The people believe in the worship of Gods and Deities. The Hindus believe that if a creature dies, it has to be born again after death. They also follow the ‘principle of karma’.

Arya Samaj and the Sanatana Dharma

Swami Dayanand Saraswati, the founder of the Arya Samaj, has called Hinduism a ‘Vedic religion’. He told that Vedic religion belongs to Sanatana Dharma and the same is true Hinduism. Scholars also say that the word ‘Sanatana’ means eternal, permanent and ancient. For this reason, Hinduism is also called Sanatan Dharma.

Vedas and the Vedic Religion

It is true that the oldest religion in the history of world religions is ‘Vedic Religion’. Vedic religion begins from where the Vedas begin. All of the old religions were abolished, but the Vedic religion is still alive. Vedic religion relies on spiritual elements. There are many such spiritual elements, which science also accepts.

Hindu Gods and Goddesses

The great scholars of Hinduism, with their wisdom, put an end to the crises on their religion. From time to time, these scholars put forward their arguments in front of the people with full arguments in favour of Hinduism. Hinduism is such a banyan tree which has as many branches and deities as it have. The number of Hindus who believe in all those deities is very large.

Not only this, every person has complete freedom to worship their deity. The main Gods of Hindus are Brahma, Vishnu, and Mahesh. Apart from this Hindus also worship power in form of Goddesses such as Durga, Kali, and Saraswati.


One of the great features of Hinduism is that there is equal participation of nature and man, i.e. woman and man, within the system of worship. The Hindu literature is considered to be a rich source of conduct and behaviour of a great life that leads to salvation.

Hinduism Essay – 6 (350 Words)


The Rigveda is considered to be the oldest and first book in the world. Hinduism is based on this book. The Philosophy mentioned in this book will be found in every religious book of the world. It is believed that on the basis of this book, later Yajurveda, Samveda and Atharvaveda were composed. Actually it was the division and expansion of different subjects of Rigveda.

The Origin of the Word Hindu and Arya

The Words ‘Hindu’ and ‘Arya’ are found in the Avesta, the religious book of the Parsis of Iranian country. On the other hand, other historians believe that the word Hindu was originated from Indu during the time of the Chinese traveler Huanseang. The word Indu is synonymous with Moon. The basis of Indian astrological calculations is the lunar month. Therefore, the people of China started calling Indians ‘Indu’ or ‘Hindu’.

History of Hinduism

When we talk about history, Vedas were not composed in any one period. Scholars began the creation of the Vedas in 4500 BC and have accepted that it was composed gradually and finally at the time of Krishna, the Vedas were divided into four parts by Veda Vyasa. The Vedas are 6508 years old in writing. This fact cannot be denied that the facts of Krishna being 5500 years ago were discovered.

Other Concepts

But according to religious literature there are some other concepts of Hinduism. It is also believed that it started in ancient times. In fact, Hindus kept their history alive by singing, rote and based on sources. This is the reason that history gradually became poetic and beautiful. The period was such that there was no paper and pen. History was written on rocks, stones, and minds.


When we read the history texts of Hinduism, there is a reference to the tradition of Manus before the tradition of sages and saints who have been called Kulkars in Jainism. There are 14 Manu respectively who worked tirelessly to make the society civilized and technologically prosperous. The name of the first human on earth was Swayambhav Manu and the first woman was Shatrupa.

Hinduism Essay – 7 (400 Words)


Hinduism or the Sanatana Dharma is one of the oldest religions on Earth. However, many scholars have many opinions about its history. Modern historians consider the history of this religion to be a few thousand years old, based on archaeological investigations such as Harappa and Mehrgarh where many signs of Hinduism are found in the Indus Valley Civilization of India.

Among these, statues of the goddess, postures of deities like Lord Shiva, idols of many other gods and goddesses, worship of Peepal, etc. are prominent. According to historian facts, in Indus Valley Civilization the people were Aryans and their the original place was India.

Brahma and the Word Oum

According to Upanishads, Brahm is the ultimate element. He is the essence, soul, and basis of the world. The word originates from it and the world dissolves in it. Brahm is one and only one. He is the ultimate truth, omnipotent and omniscient. He is the source of ultimate knowledge.

Oum is said to be the ultimate holy word. Hindus believe that the sound of Oum is echoing throughout the universe. It is heard when a person goes deep into meditation. The vision of Brahma is the central pillar of Vedanta philosophy and Hinduism has a unique contribution to the world.

Varna System

Varna system and caste had special importance in the ancient Hindu system. There were four major varnas – Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra. Earlier this system was karma predominant. If someone worked in the army, he would become a Kshatriya irrespective of his caste. But today it is not so.

The Soul

According to Hinduism, every conscious creature has an immaterial soul, which is eternal, latent, irrational and devoid of the disorder. According to Hinduism, not only in humans but every animal and plant, that is, every living being has a soul. In the Bhagavad Gita, the characteristics of the soul are described by Lord Krishna as: “This soul is neither born nor dies in any period, nor is it going to be born again and again; because it is unborn and eternal. It is not killed even after the body.”

Place of Worship

The places of worship of Hindus are called temples. The temples are the best symbols of ancient and medieval Indian art. Millions of pilgrims visit the temple every year.


Many great men have noticed and contributed a lot in this religion. Adiguru Shankaracharya did very important work for this. He established four peeths (monasteries) in four directions in India that are – Jyotipeeth near Badrinath in the north, Sringeri Peeth near Rameswaram in the south, Govardhan Peeth in Jagannathpuri in the east and Dwarikapith in Gujarat in the west.

Hinduism Essay – 8 (500 Words)


Hinduism is a religion or way of life, whose followers are mostly in India, Nepal and Mauritius. It is called the oldest religion in the world. It is also called ‘Vedic Sanatan Varnashrama Dharma’ which means that its origin is even earlier than human origin.  Scholars consider Hinduism to be a blend of different cultures and traditions of India, which has no founder.

This religion has many different ways of worship, religion, sect, and philosophy. It is the third-largest religion in the world based on the number of followers. Most of its worshipers are in India by number and Nepal by percentage. Although many deities are worshiped in it, it is, in fact, a monotheistic religion. It is also called Sanatana Dharma or Vedic Religion.


The sacred texts of Hinduism are divided into two parts – Shruti and Smriti.

  • Shruti (In Sanskrit it means “that which is heard”)

Shruti is the supreme text of Hinduism, which is completely unchanging, that is, it cannot be changed in any era. The Vedas that are Rigveda, Samaveda, Yajurveda and Atharvaveda, and Brahma Sutras and Upanishads come under Shruti. The Vedas are called Shruti because Hindus believe that these Vedas were recited by the divine to the sages when they were in deep meditation.

  • Smriti (In Sanskrit it means “that which is remembered”)

Except Shruti, all other Hindu scriptures are called Smriti, because they contain stories that people have memorized and written from generation to generation. All Smriti texts praise the Vedas. They are easier to read and are read by most Hindus (very few Hindus read Vedas). The major memorial texts are: History- Ramayana and Mahabharata, Bhagavad-Gita, Puranas (total 18 in number), Manuscript, Dharmashastra and Dharmasutra, Agam Shastra.

There are also 6 major parts of Indian philosophy – Sankhya philosophy, Yoga, justice, Vaiseshika, Mimamsa and Vedanta.

Goddesses and Gods

There are many Goddesses and Gods in Hinduism. There can be three opinions about who these deities are:

  • According to Advaita Vedanta, Bhagavad-Gita, Vedas, Upanishads, etc. all deities are different forms of the same God (God himself is the form of Brahma). In order to do devotion to the formless God, the devotee sees God in his heart as a beloved. According to the RigVeda.
  • According to Yoga, Nyaya, Vaiseshika, most Shaiva and Vaishnava believe that the gods are the supernatural powers which rule on the mind of humans. According to Yoga philosophy, God is the father and guru-like Prajapati and Indra and sages like Angira.
  • According to Mimamsa, all the deities have independent power and there is no one God over them. To perform the desired deeds, it is necessary to please one or several of these deities through rituals and worship.

Whatever be the thinking, these deities are integral to the colourful Hindu culture. The main gods of the Vedic period were Indra, Agni, Soma, Varuna, Rudra, Vishnu, Prajapati and goddesses – Saraswati, Usha, Prithvi, etc.


All these deities are mentioned in the Puranas. Apart from all this, the cow is also worshiped as mother in Hinduism. It is believed that in the cow, the entire gods and goddesses dwells.


Related Information:

Essay on Indian Culture

Essay on Indian Heritage

Also See:

Essay on Buddhism

Essay on Islam

Essay on Christianity

Essay on Casteism in India

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