CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 6 are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 6.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 6
|Sample Paper Set||Paper 6|
|Category||CBSE Sample Papers|
Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme, as prescribed by the CBSE, is given here. Paper 6 of Solved CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80
(i) The question paper has 27 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Marks are indicated against each question.
(iii) Questions from serial number 1 to 7 are very short answer questions. Each question carries 1 mark.
(iv) Questions from serial number 8 to 18 are 3 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
(v) Questions from serial number 19 to 25 are 5 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 100 words each.
(vi) Question number 26 and 27 are map questions of 2 marks from History and 3 marks from Geography. After completion, attach the maps inside the answer book.
State the inalienable rights given according to the Constitution began with a ‘Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen’.
Who was appointed as the first Inspector General of Forest in India?
What do you mean by ‘stubble’?
Which were two crops grown by the farmers of England in about 1660s to increase soil fertility?
What do you understand by a ‘party ticket’?
Name the prominent latitude and its value that divides India in two halves.
Who has done a research study in Bulandshahr district which is taken as the narrative case study of ‘the Story of village Palampur’?
Give an example of the tertiary sector.
Who in India officially recorded the impressive strides of the Green Revolution by releasing a stamp entitled ‘wheat revolution’?
Give the list of the various words used by the Nazis in their official communication.
How many times Forest Act was amended after 1865? Point out features of the Forest Act of 1865.
Write a short note on Raikas of Rajasthan.
Briefly explain the Westward expansion of White Settlement in USA and its impact on agriculture.
How is Lok Sabha more powerful than Rajya Sabha?
What do you understand by ‘Public Interest Litigation’? (PIL)
Who can give nomination as a candidate in an election? Explain.
What is burst of the monsoon? Give the duration of monsoon in India? Also mention the two branches of the monsoon.
Name the name of the spectacular feature formed by the rivers Ganga and Brahmaputra near the sea. State two characteristics of this spectacular feature.
“The results of various anti- poverty programmes have been mixed”. Why?
Modem farming methods require the farmer to start with more cash than before. Why?
‘Unemployment has detrimental impact on the overall growth of an economy’. Justify.
What is meant by food security? Point out the three dimensions of food security.
Describe in detail the various stages of February Revolution of 1917 that led to downfall of monarchy in Russia.
Give the list of products available in forests.
“Under colonial rule, the life of pastoralists changed dramatically”. Explain.
Trace the factors responsible for the outbreak of the Enclosure Movement in England.
List the powers (Original Jurisdiction) of Supreme Court.
How was the institutional design formed for the Indian Constitution?
Describe briefly the causes of poverty.
The Himalayas are divided in four divisions from west to east. Who demarcates them? Explain these divisions of the Himalayas.
Name the type of vegetation found in regions with less than 70cm of rainfall annually. List four examples of this type of vegetation. Also mention any three characteristics of this vegetation.
On the given outline map of the World given, locate and label the countries known as Allied Powers in the second World War in 1942.
(A) On the given political outline map of India locate and label/identify the following with appropriate symbols:
(i) Identify the river.
(ii) Label and locate the Karakoram mountains.
(iii) Label and locate the Rajaji National Park.
Rights such as the right to life, freedom of speech, freedom of opinion, equality before law, were established as natural and inalienable rights, that is, they belonged to each human being by birth and could not be taken away.
German expert, Dietrich Brandis, was appointed as the first Inspector General of Forests in India.
Stubble-Lower ends of grain stalks left in the ground after harvesting.
Turnip and clover.
Political parties nominate their candidates who get the party symbol and support. Party nomination is often known as ‘party’ ‘ticket’.
Tropic of Cancer, 231/20N.
By Gilbert Etienne of a village in Bulandshahr district in Western Uttar Pradesh.
Banking, communication, police, teaching, transport or IT.
Indira Gandhi, the then Prime Minister of India, officially recorded the impressive strides of the Green revolution in agriculture by releasing a special stamp entitled ‘Wheat Revolution’ in July 1968.
(i) Nazis never used the words ‘kill’ or ‘murder’ in their official communications.
(ii) Mass killings were termed special treatment, final solution (for the Jews), euthanasia (for the disabled), selection and disinfections.
(iii) ‘Evacuation’ meant deporting people to gas chambers.
- After the Forest Act was enacted in 1865, it was amended twice, once in 1878 and then in 1927.
- The 1878 Act divided forests into three categories: reserved, protected and village forests. The best forests were called reserved forests.
- Villagers could not take anything from these forests, even for their own use. For house building or fuel, they could take wood from protected or village forests.
- In the deserts of Rajasthan lived the Raikas. The rainfall in the region was meagre and uncertain. On cultivated land, harvests fluctuated every year. Over vast stretches no crop could be grown. So the Raikas combined cultivation with pastoralism.
- During the monsoons, the Raikas of Banner, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur and Bikaner stayed in their home villages, where pasture was available.
- By October, when these grazing grounds were dry and exhausted, they moved out in search of other pasture and water, and returned again during the next monsoon. One group of Raikas known as the Maru (desert) Raikas herded camels and another group reared sheep and goat.
- After the American War of Independence from 1775 to 1783 and the formation of the United States of America, the white Americans began to move westward. The American Indians had to be cleared from the land.
- American Indians retreated, the settlers poured in. They slashed and burnt forests, pulled out the stumps, cleared the land for cultivation, they cleared larger areas, and erected fences around the fields. They ploughed the land and sowed com and wheat.
- When the soil became impoverished and exhausted in one place, the migrants would move further west, to explore new lands and raise a new crop. It was, however, only after the 1860s that settlers swept into the Great Plains across the River Mississippi. In subsequent decades this region became a major wheat-producing area of America.
(i) Any ordinary law needs to be passed by both the Houses. But if there is a difference between the two Houses, the final decision is taken in a joint session in which members
of both the Houses sit together. Because of the larger number of members, the view of the Lok Sabha is likely to prevail in such a meeting.
(ii) Lok Sabha exercises more powers in money matters. Once the Lok Sabha passes the budget of the government or any other money-related law, the Rajya Sabha cannot reject it. The Rajya Sabha can only delay it by 14 days or suggest changes in it. The Lok Sabha may or may not accept these changes.
(iii) The Lok Sabha controls the Council of Ministers. Only a person who enjoys the support of the majority of the members in the Lok Sabha is appointed as the Prime Minister. If the majority of the Lok Sabha members say they have ‘no confidence’ in the Council of Ministers, all ministers including the Prime Minister, have to quit. The Rajya Sabha does not have this power.
(i) Any person can go to court against the violation of the Fundamental Right, if it is of social or public interest. This kind of litigation in public interest is called public interest litigation.
(ii) Under PIL any citizen or group of citizens can approach the Supreme Court or a High Court for protection of public interest against a particular law or action of the government.
(iii) One can write to the judges even on a post card. The court will take up the matter if the judges find it in public interest.
(i) An Indian citizen, of the age of 25, whose name appears in voters list can be a candidate in an election in India for Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha.
(ii) Every person who wishes to contest an election has to fill a Nomination Form, and also give a certain amount of money as Security deposit.
(iii) A candidate also has to make an AFFIDAVIT on criminal record, education and assets and liabilities.
(i) Burst of the monsoon: Around the time of its arrival, the normal increases suddenly and continues constantly for several days.
(ii) Duration: 120 day, Early June to mid-September.
(iii) Two branches: Arabian Sea Branch and Bay of Bengal Branch.
- Spectacular feature: Sunderban delta.
- Derives name from the Sundari trees which grows well in marshland.
- It is the world’s largest and fastest growing delta.
- It is also the home of Royal Bengal tiger.
(i) One of the major reasons for less effectiveness is the lack of proper implementation and right targeting. Moreover, there has been a lot of overlapping of schemes.
(ii) Despite good intentions, the benefits of these schemes are not fully reached to the deserving poor.
(i) Raw materials and money in hand are called working capital. Unlike tools, machines and buildings, these are used up in production.
(ii) The farmers have to set up tube-wells for irrigation, and use HYV seeds, chemical fertilizers and pesticides in farming. They also have to purchase sophisticated machines such as generators, tractors, harvesters, threshers, computers, etc.
(iii) Therefore some money is always required during production to make payments and buy other necessary items.
(i) Increase in unemployment is an indicator of a depressed economy.
(ii) It also wastes the resource, which could have been gainfully employed.
(iii) If people cannot be used as a resource they naturally appear as a liability to the economy.
(i) Food Security means availability, accessibility and affordability of food to all people at all times everywhere in the country.
(ii) Availability of food means food production within the country, food imports and the previous year’s stock stored in government granaries.
(iii) Accessibility means food is within reach of every person.
(iv) Affordability implies that an individual has enough money to buy sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet one’s dietary needs.
(i) In the winter of 1917, conditions in the capital, Petrograd, were grim. The layout of the city seemed to emphasise the divisions among its people.
(ii) In February 1917, food shortages were deeply felt in the workers quarters. Parliamentarians wishing to preserve elected government, were opposed to the Tsars desire to dissolve the Duma.
(iii) On 22 February, a lockout took place at a factory on the right bank. The next day, workers in fifty factories called a strike in sympathy. In many factories, women led the way to strikes. This came to be called the International Women’s Day.
(iv) On Sunday, 25 February, the government suspended the Duma. Politicians spoke out against the measure. On the 27th, the Police Headquarters were ransacked. The streets thronged with people raising slogans about bread, wages, better hours and democracy.
(v) The government tried to control the situation and called out the cavalry once again which was called off on 24th, but the cavalry were refused to fire the demonstrators.
(vi) On that evening striking workers had gathered to form a soviet or council in the same building as the Duma met. This was the Petrograd Soviet. The very next day, a delegation went to see the Tsar and Military commanders advised him to abdicate. He followed their advice and abdicated on 2 March.
(vii) Soviet leaders and Duma leaders formed a Provisional Government to run the country and they agreed that Russia’s future would be decided by a constituent assembly, elected on the basis of universal adult suffrage. Petrograd had led the February Revolution that brought down the monarchy in February 1917.
- In forest areas, people use forest products roots, leaves, fruits, and tubers for many things.
- Fruits and tubers are nutritious to eat, especially during the monsoons before the harvest has come in.
- Herbs are used for medicine, wood for agricultural implements like yokes and ploughs; bamboo makes excellent fences and is also used to make baskets and umbrellas.
- A dried scooped-out gourd can be used as a portable water bottle.
- Almost everything is available in the forest leaves can be stitched together to make disposable plates and cups, the siadi (Bauhinia vahlii) creeper can be used to make ropes, and the thorny bark of the semur (silk-cotton) tree is used to grate vegetables.
- Oil for cooking and to light lamps can be pressed from the fruit of the mahua tree.
- First, the colonial state wanted to transform all grazing lands into cultivated farms. Land revenue was one of the main sources of its finance. By expanding cultivation it could increase its revenue collection.
- To colonial officials all uncultivated land appeared to be unproductive: it produced neither revenue nor agricultural produce. It was seen as waste land that needed to be brought under cultivation. From the mid-nineteenth century, Waste Land Rules were enacted in various parts of the country. By these Rules uncultivated lands were taken over and given to select individuals.
- Secorfd, by the mid-nineteenth century, various Forest Acts were also being enacted in the different provinces. Through these Acts some forests which produced commercially valuable timber like deodar or sal were declared Reserved. No pastoralist was allowed access to these forests. Other forests were classified as Protected. In these, some customary grazing rights of pastoralists were granted but their movements were severely restricted.
- Third, British officials were suspicious of nomadic people. They distrusted mobile craftsmen and traders who hawked their goods in villages, and pastoralists who changed their places of residence every season, moving in search of good pastures for their herds. The colonial government wanted to rule over a settled population. They wanted the rural people to live in villages, in fixed places with fixed rights on particular fields. Such a population was easy to identify and control.
- Fourth, to expand its revenue income, the colonial government looked for every possible source of taxation. So tax was imposed on land, on canal water, on salt, on trade goods, and even on animals. Pastoralists had to pay tax on every animal they grazed on the pastures. In most pastoral tracts of India, grazing tax was introduced in the mid-nineteenth century. The tax per head of cattle went up rapidly and the system of collection was made increasingly efficient.
- When the price of wool went up in the world market in the sixteenth century, rich farmers wanted to expand wool production to earn profits. So they began dividing and enclosing common land and building hedges around their holdings to separate their property from that of others.
- Unlike the sixteenth-century enclosures that promoted sheep farming, the land being enclosed in the late eighteenth century was for grain production because the English population expanded rapidly demanding for more food grains to feed the population.
- Britain at this time was industrializing. More and more people began to live and work in urban areas. Men from rural areas migrated to towns in search of jobs. To survive they had to buy food grains in the market.
- By the end of the eighteenth century, France was at war with England. This disrupted trade and the import of food grains from Europe.
- Prices of food grains in England sky rocketed, encouraging landowners to enclose lands and enlarge the area under grain cultivation. Profits flowed in and landowners pressurized the Parliament to pass the Enclosure Acts.
- The Supreme Court controls the judicial administration in the country. Its decisions are binding on all other courts of the country.
- It can take up any dispute:
- Between citizens of the country;
- Between citizens and government;
- Between two or more state governments; and
- Between governments at the union and state level.
- It is the highest court of appeal in civil and criminal cases. It can hear appeals against the decisions of the High Courts.
(i) A constitution is mainly about embodying values into institutional arrangements.
(ii) It is a very long and detailed document. Therefore it needs to be amended quite regularly to keep it updated.
(iii) So, they made provisions to incorporate changes from time to time. These changes are called constitutional amendments.
(iv) The Constitution describes the institutional arrangements in a very legal language.
(v) Like any Constitution, the Indian Constitution lays down a procedure for choosing persons to govern the country. It defines who will have how much power to take which decisions.
(vi) It puts limits to what the government can do by providing some rights to the citizen that cannot be violated.
(i) Historical reason: British administration and their economic policies: Low level of economic development under the British colonial administration perpetuated poverty in India. The policies of the British ruined traditional handicrafts and discouraged development of industries like textiles. This resulted in less job opportunities and low growth rate of income. This was accompanied by a high growth rate of population. So this led to growth rate of per capita income very low.
(ii) Green Revolution and Industrial Revolution: The effects of green revolution were limited to some parts of India. The industries, both in the public and private sector did not provide enough jobs to absorb all the job seekers. Unable to find proper jobs in the cities, many people started working as rickshaw pullers, vendors, construction workers
etc. With irregular small incomes, these people could not afford expensive housing and thus started to live in slums in cities.
(iii) Huge income inequalities: Huge income inequality is due to unequal distribution of land and other resources. Major policy initiatives like land reforms which aimed at redistribution of assets in rural areas have not been implemented properly and effectively by most of the states. So failure in proper implementation aggravated the poverty condition of the rural people.
(iv) Socio-cultural and economic factors: This is also another factor for the poverty in India. In order to fulfil social obligations and observe religious ceremonies, people spend a lot of money. Small farmers need money to buy agricultural inputs like seeds, fertilizers etc. Unable to repay because of poverty, they become victims of indebtedness. So high level of indebtedness is both the cause and effect of poverty.
- Demarcation of the Himalayas: Rivers
- Punjab Himalayas: The part of Himalayas lying between Indus and Satluj has been traditionally known as Punjab Himalaya but it is also known regionally as Kashmir and Himachal Himalaya from west to east respectively.
- Kumaon Himalayas: The part of the Himalayas lying between Satluj and Kali rivers is known as Kumaon Himalayas.
- Nepal Himalayas: The Kali and Tista rivers demarcate the Nepal Himalayas
- Assam Himalayas: The part lying between Tista and Dihang rivers is known as Assam Himalayas.
- Vegetation: The Thom Forests and Scrubs
- List four examples: Acacias, palms, euphorbia, and cacti.
- Trees are scattered and have long roots penetrating deep into the soil in order to get moisture.
- The stems are succulent to conserve water.
- Leaves are mostly thick and small to minimize evaporation.
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